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    您现在的位置: 鹤山市实验中学 >> 学科教研 >> 课题研究 >> 正文
    [组图]拒绝“白色污染”,爱护地球母亲
    作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:219    更新时间:2017/10/12

    作者:吴佩熹(14岁) 杨展业(14岁) 陈舒兰(13岁)

    学校:广东省鹤山市沙坪实验中学

    指导老师:何妙坤   徐秋庭

    早在2008年,我国就颁布了限塑令。但是,五颜六色的塑料袋依然频繁地出现在我们的生活中,肆无忌惮装饰着我们的地球,侵蚀着我们共同的家园。由于其难以被生物分解,其燃烧也会产生致癌的化学物质,因此每多丢弃一个垃圾袋,也许就扼杀了一个小生命。人类作为地球的一份子,保护地球以及其他可爱的生灵是责任,更是义务。而作为新时代的中学生,保护环境,爱护地球,我们责无旁贷。那么,我们应该如何响应国家的政策,为保护我们的地球母亲献出自己的一份力量呢?     

    基于对上述问题的思考,我们小组针对此问题进行商量、探讨,并于2017930101日在广东省鹤山市沙坪镇鹤山广场展开了关于塑料袋使用情况的采访,并通过《问卷星》网站,设计在线问卷,旨在收集市民使用塑料袋的情况。

     

    图1 小组现场采访

    通过问卷调查和现场采访,我们一共收集了145份有效答卷。从图2得知,在调查人群中,超过60%的市民在超市商场、农贸市场以及外卖打包时会使用塑料袋,可见塑料袋的应用仍然非常普遍。从图3可知,对于购物后的塑料袋有超过90%的被调查者表示会进行二次使用。由此可见,在政府的大力支持下,广大市民也具有一定的环保意识。对于塑料的利用,其中有83.45%的被调查者表示会用于装生活和厨余垃圾(图3)。但塑料袋的二次利用后再扔掉无疑也是一种浪费,并未做到高效利用。

     

     

    我市近年来一直积极响应国家的政策,并积极实施有偿购买塑料袋的规定,并鼓励市民使用环保购物袋。但由于塑料袋方便携带且价格低廉,深受广大市民的喜爱。在问卷填写者中,他们大多表示乐意免费获取新的塑料袋。如果部分商店和市场摊位不再提供任何塑料袋,将会有47%的被调查者表示会减少到不提供塑料袋的摊位和商店的购物次数(图4)。这种行为可能跟消费者的消费心理有关,另一方面也与商家的利益相关。商家对消费者提供免费服务,有利于赢来回头客!这也是众多商场商家更愿意提供免费塑料袋的原因之一。

     

    虽然限塑令的实施已将近十年,但因塑料袋廉价、重量极轻、容量大、便于收纳的优点,且超过90%的调查人员表示,由于购物点会免费提供塑料袋或者获取塑料袋成本较低,购买价格容易接受(图5)。因此,大多数年轻人在购物时仍没有自备购物袋的习惯。由于塑料袋的降解周期长、处理困难等问题,白色污染的现象并没有因为限塑令而得到缓解。尽管现在科学家们陆续研发出塑料袋的替代品(如利用生物材料制成的可降解环保袋),但是由于欠缺政府的推广,加之人们的自觉性和环保意识不强,以及可降解环保塑料袋研发和制作成本高,造成了这些代替品难以普及。

    为此,我们小组经过多次探讨,针对塑料袋的使用情况和调查反馈,提出以下建议和解决方案:     

    1)从政府角度:利用公益广告、网络等电子传媒手段大力推广和推荐使用环保购物袋,加大环保材料研发的资金,降低企业制作研发生物环保购物袋的税收成本,对积极响应国家环保政策的企业实施奖励,限制塑料袋生产商的大量生产,规范民间小作坊的制作流程,积极引进国外先进的制作技术和管理经验。并在学校以及社区内宣传环保知识以及环境问题带来的影响,提高市民环保的参与度,进一步提高市民环保意识。       

    2)从社会推广角度:鼓励企业和生产商尝试在超市和菜市场附近试行共享购物车服务,可以参考“共享单车”的操作模式(图6)。共享购物车应设计灵巧、方便快捷,租金不能设置过高,要控制使用价格。并且多在住宅区设置回收点,真正做到便利。

    6“共享购物车设计概念图(原创)

     

    3)从个人方面:自觉履行社会公民应尽的义务,养成自备购物环保袋的习惯,少用塑料袋,从自身出发,积极向身边的家人、同学、好友宣传环保工作。同时,努力学习科学文化知识,利用科学技术为祖国、为地球母亲做出自己的贡献。     

    通过本次调查采访,我们了解到了更多关于塑料袋方面的知识,清晰了解到塑料袋的危害,也向社会传递了环保的重要性和意义。我们希望社会的每一个成员都能尽自己的一份绵薄之力,为环保事业做奉献,保护我们可爱的地球母亲

     

     

    Say no to “ White Pollution “ , protect our mother earth

    Writer : Peixi Wu(14)  Zhanye Yang (14)  Shulan Chen(13)

    School : Heshan Shaping Experimental Middle School

    Guide teacher : Miaokun He  Qiuting  Xu

     

    Early in 2008 , our country has officially enacted the law of plastic bag restriction . However , all kinds of colorful plastic bags are still often used in our daily life , “unscrupulous “ “decorating “our earth , erode our common hometown . Since it hardly can be decomposed by biology , and it would also release carcinogenic chemicals when burning , so a little life maybe killed when we throw one more rubbish bag . Human being as part of the earth , protecting our earth and other lovely creature is not only our duties but also our responsibilities . As new age students , that’s no doubt that we must protect our environment and take care of our earth . So, how to make a contribution to protecting our mother earth by actively respond to national policy ?

        Based on the above issue , our team specially organized a discussion and made an interview about the using of the plastic bags in Heshan Suqare (located in Shaping , Heshan City , Guangdong Province ) during 30th Sept - 1th Oct. And design the on-line questionnaire in the WENJUAN.COM, in order to collect people’s feedback in using plastic bags in their dairy life .

     

    chart 1  the live interview

     

    We totally corrected 145 valid questionnaire through the live interview , seen from chart 2 , over 60% of the people would use plastic bags in supermarket , traditional market and take our-food . Through chart 3, over 90% of the investigators said they would use that plastic bags secondly after shopping . Thus it can be seen that , with the great support of the government , most of the people have some environmental consciousness . About the recycling uses of the plastic bags , among 83.45% of the investigators said they would use them to pack the kitchen waste and other household waste .(chart 3) . But there is no doubt that it also a waste to throw out the plastic bags after it secondly uses , and can not do it efficiently.

     

     

    Our city always actively respond to national policy in recently years , and setting the rules about the paid for plastic bags , encourage the citizen to use the recycled shopping bags . But because the price of plastic bags is low and easy to carry , which is popular with most of our citizen . Among the investigators , most of them said they are willing to receive the new plastic bags for free . If some of the shops and markets would not provide any plastic bags , there would have 47% investigators said they would shop less in those place (chart 4) . This is relate with consumer’s consuming psychology , and also connected with shopper’s profit . The shopper provide free service to the consumer to win more return . So there’s one of the reasons why most the shoppers are more willing to provide free plastic bags for consumers .

     

    Though the law of plastic bag restriction has been carried out for almost 10 years , but due to the plastic bags have the advantages of low price ,light weight, high capacity and convenient carrying and packed ,over 90% of the investigators said , for the shoppers will provide free or low-price plastic bags , the purchasing price will be more easily accepted (chart 5) . So most of the young people don’t get use to taking their own shopping bags when go out for shopping . Due to the long degradation period of the plastic bags , and hard to deal with it , the ‘white pollution “don’t have good remission with the restriction use of the plastic bags . Although now the scientists are gradually developed some replacement for the plastic bags ( like the environmentally-friendly bags which made by degradable biological material ), but lack of government’s promotion , and the people are not aware of the importance of the environmental protection , also the developing and making cost for those degradable environmentally-friendly bags is high , which all make those “replacement” are hard to be used in public.

     

    Our team put forward the following suggestion and solution after lots of discussion according to the use of  the plastic bags and investigating feedback.

    (1)From Government :

       Use public service, internet and other electronic media to promote and recommend using the environmentally-friendly bags , increase the funds for the R&D , cut down the tax cost for the industry to develop and make biological bags , and build up reward system for those industry , limit the mass production for the plastic bags , and standardize the production process from the small business workshop , actively introduce the advanced production technology and managing experience from oversea . At the same time , the government need to rev up publicity in schools and communities about the environmental protection , letting more citizen to participate in it , improving their environmental awareness .

    (2) From society :

    Encourage the enterprise and manufacturer try to provide ‘shared shopping cart “ service , can refer to the models of “ shared bikes” (chart 6) . The “shared shopping cart” can be design more flexible , convenient , and its renting cost can’t be too high , need to control the using price . At the same time ,set up more collection points in the housing area , which make it more convenient .

     

    (3)From personal :

    Doing our duties as the pubic citizen , get used to take environmentally-friendly bags when go out for shopping , cut down the use of plastic bags , also letting our family , classmates and friends to participate in protecting environment . Meantime, we need to learn more about the scientific and cultural knowledge and using it to make contribution to our county and our mother earth .

    From this investigation , we know more about the plastic bags , and learn about the harm of it , also passing the importance and significance to the public . We hope everyone in the society can try their best to make contribution for protecting environment and our mother earth .

     

    文章录入:鹤山实验中学    责任编辑:鹤山实验中学